Understanding psychology may be key to addressing the problem
The new scientific imperative in discrimination research is less about documenting the problem, and more about solving it.
If you’re driving and see a red light ahead, you hit the brakes. That’s an example of automaticity, or an automatic response you have to a familiar situation.
It’s been a dozen years since Harvard’s Sendhil Mullainathan and I sent out nearly 5,000 fictitious resumes in response to help-wanted ads in Boston and Chicago.
People often assume that the poor are less competent than the wealthy. But my colleagues and I have recently found that the poor outperform the rich at some financial decisions. Under poverty, people develop a unique expertise.