The new scientific imperative in discrimination research is less about documenting the problem, and more about solving it.
If you’re driving and see a red light ahead, you hit the brakes. That’s an example of automaticity, or an automatic response you have to a familiar situation.
It’s been a dozen years since Harvard’s Sendhil Mullainathan and I sent out nearly 5,000 fictitious resumes in response to help-wanted ads in Boston and Chicago.
People often assume that the poor are less competent than the wealthy. But my colleagues and I have recently found that the poor outperform the rich at some financial decisions. Under poverty, people develop a unique expertise.